Posterior ventricular anchoring neochordal repair of degenerative mitral regurgitation efficiently remodels and repositions posterior leaflet prolapse

Y. Joseph Woo, John W. MacArthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Mitral valve repair techniques for degenerative disease typically entail leaflet resection or neochordal construction, which may require extensive resection, leaflet detachment/reattachment, reliance on diseased native chords or precise neochordal measuring. Occasionally, impaired leaflet mobility, reduced coaptation surface and systolic anterior motion (SAM) may result. We describe anovel technique for addressing posterior leaflet prolapse/flail, which both simplifies repair and addresses these issues. Methods: Fifty-four patients (age 62 ± 11 years) with degenerative MR underwentthis new repair, 36 of whom minimally-invasively. A CV5 Gore-Tex suture was placed into the posteriorleft ventricular myocardium underneath the prolapsing segment as an anchor. This suture was then used to imbricate a portion of the prolapsed segment into the ventricle, creating a smooth, broad, non-prolapsed coapting surface on a leaflet with preserved mobility, additional neochordal support and posteriorly positioned enough to preclude SAM. Results: Repair was successful in all patients. The meanMR grade was reduced from +3.8 to +0.1 with 50 of 54 patients having zero MR and 4 of the 54 having trace or mild MR. All patients had proper antero-posterior location of the coaptation line of a mean length of 10.2 mm, and preserved posterior leaflet mobility. No patients had SAM or mitral stenosis. All patients were discharged and are currently doing well. Conclusion: This new technique facilitatedefficient single-suture repair of the prolapsed posterior leaflet mitral regurgitation without the need for resection or sliding annuloplasty.It precluded the need for precise neochordal measurement and preserved the leaflet coaptation surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberezt092
Pages (from-to)485-489
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Minimally invasive
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Mitral valve repair

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