Post-void residual urine ratio: A novel clinical approach to the post-void residual urine in the assessment of males with lower urinary tract symptoms

Emanuele Rubilotta, Matteo Balzarro, Nicolò Trabacchin, Rita Righetti, Antonio D’amico, Jerry G. Blaivas, Alessandro Antonelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the correlation between post-void residual urine ratio (PVR-R) and pathological bladder emptying diagnosed by pressure-flow studies (PFS) in males with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Materials and Methods: PVR-R and PVR urine were evaluated in 410 males underwent PFS for LUTS. PVR-R was the percentage of PVR to bladder volume (voided volume+PVR). Schafer and International Continence Society (ICS) nomograms, Bladder Contractility Index (BCI) were used to diagnose bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and detrusor underactivity (DUA). We subdivided the cohort in 4 groups: Group I, BOO+/DUA+; Group II, BOO-/DUA+; Group III, BOO+/DUA-; Group IV, BOO-/DUA-(control group). We subdivided the 4 groups according to PVR-R strata: (1) 0%–20%; (2) 21%–40%; (3) 41%–60%; (4) 61%–80%; (5) 81%–100%. Results: Group I had a greater median PVR-R (50%) with a >40% in 61.4% of the cohort. Median PVR-R was 16.6% in Group II, 24% in Group III, and 0% in the control Group. According to ICS nomograms and BCI, median PVR-R and PVR were significantly higher (p<0.001) in obstructed and underactive males. PVR-R threshold of 20% allowed to recognize males with voiding disorders with high sensibility, specificity, PPV, and NPV. A PVR-R cut-off of 40% identified males with associated BOO and DUA and more severe voiding dysfunction. Conclusions: A higher PVR-R is related to a more severe pathological bladder emptying, and to the association of BOO and DUA. PVR-R may have a clinical role in first assessment of males with LUTS and severe voiding dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-476
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative and Clinical Urology
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bladder outlet obstruction
  • Detrusor underactivity
  • Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Males
  • Urodynamics

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