Background. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder involving the female genital tract is a rare event. Case. A 67-year-old female status post orthotopic liver transplant 5 years previously for hepatitis B and sarcoidosis presented with vaginal bleeding. Endometrial biopsy revealed a high-grade malignant tumor with immunologic marker studies consistent with lymphoma. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy, modified radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo oophorectomy, bilateral selective pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, and omentectomy. Final pathology confirmed monomorphic B-cell post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder consistent with non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma confined to the endocervix and lower uterine segment. She remains recurrence free after 4 years with no adjuvant therapy. Conclusion. Post-transplant complications can present in the female reproductive organs. Gynecologic oncologists need to be aware of this disease process when treating patients for gynecologic symptoms after transplant surgery.
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder