Post-error recruitment of frontal sensory cortical projections promotes attention in mice

Kevin J. Norman, Justin S. Riceberg, Hiroyuki Koike, Julia Bateh, Sarah E. McCraney, Keaven Caro, Daisuke Kato, Ana Liang, Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Meghan E. Flanigan, Korey Kam, Elisa N. Falk, Daniel M. Brady, Christina Cho, Masato Sadahiro, Kohei Yoshitake, Priscilla Maccario, Michael P. Demars, Leah Waltrip, Andrew W. VargaScott J. Russo, Mark G. Baxter, Matthew L. Shapiro, Peter H. Rudebeck, Hirofumi Morishita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The frontal cortex, especially the anterior cingulate cortex area (ACA), is essential for exerting cognitive control after errors, but the mechanisms that enable modulation of attention to improve performance after errors are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that during a mouse visual attention task, ACA neurons projecting to the visual cortex (VIS; ACAVIS neurons) are recruited selectively by recent errors. Optogenetic manipulations of this pathway collectively support the model that rhythmic modulation of ACAVIS neurons in anticipation of visual stimuli is crucial for adjusting performance following errors. 30-Hz optogenetic stimulation of ACAVIS neurons in anesthetized mice recapitulates the increased gamma and reduced theta VIS oscillatory changes that are associated with endogenous post-error performance during behavior and subsequently increased visually evoked spiking, a hallmark feature of visual attention. This frontal sensory neural circuit links error monitoring with implementing adjustments of attention to guide behavioral adaptation, pointing to a circuit-based mechanism for promoting cognitive control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1202-1213.e5
Issue number7
StatePublished - 7 Apr 2021


  • attention
  • cognitive control
  • error monitoring
  • frontal cortex
  • frontal sensory cortical projection
  • top-down
  • visual cortex


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