Positive T wave in lead aVR as an independent predictor for 1-year major adverse cardiac events in patients with first anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Akihiro Kobayashi, Naoki Misumida, Shunsuke Aoi, Yumiko Kanei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Positive T wave in lead aVR has been shown to predict an adverse in-hospital outcome in patients with anterior wall ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the prognostic value of positive T wave in lead aVR on a long-term outcome has not been fully explored. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of 190 consecutive patients with first anterior wall STEMI who underwent an emergent coronary angiogram. Patients were divided into those with positive T wave > 0 mV and those with negative T wave ≦ 0 mV in lead aVR. Baseline and angiographic characteristics, and in-hospital revascularization procedures were recorded. In addition, in-hospital and 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization were recorded. Results: Among 190 patients, 37 patients (19%) had positive T wave and 153 patients (81%) had negative T wave in lead aVR. Patients with positive T wave had higher rate of left main disease defined as stenosis ≥50% (11% vs. 2%, p =.028) than those with negative T wave. Patients with positive T wave had higher rate of 1-year MACE (38% vs. 13%, p <.001) driven by higher all-cause mortality (27% vs. 5%, p <.001). Positive T wave was an independent predictor for 1-year MACE (OR 2.74; 95% CI 1.04–7.15; p =.04). Conclusion: Positive T wave in lead aVR was an independent predictor for 1-year MACE in patients with first anterior wall STEMI.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12442
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • STEMI
  • lead aVR
  • positive T wave

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