Polygenic Risk in Families with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection

Ingrid Tarr, Stephanie Hesselson, Michael Troup, Paul Young, Jamie Lee Thompson, Lucy McGrath-Cadell, Diane Fatkin, Sally L. Dunwoodie, David W.M. Muller, Siiri E. Iismaa, Jason C. Kovacic, Robert M. Graham, Eleni Giannoulatou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a poorly understood cause of acute coronary syndrome that predominantly affects women. Evidence to date suggests a complex genetic architecture, while a family history is reported for a minority of cases. Objective: To determine the contribution of rare and common genetic variants to SCAD risk in familial cases, the latter via the comparison of a polygenic risk score (PRS) with those with sporadic SCAD and healthy controls. Design, Setting, and Participants: This genetic association study analyzed families with SCAD, individuals with sporadic SCAD, and healthy controls. Genotyping was undertaken for all participants. Participants were recruited between 2017 and 2021. A PRS for SCAD was calculated for all participants. The presence of rare variants in genes associated with connective tissue disorders (CTD) was also assessed. Individuals with SCAD were recruited via social media or from a single medical center. A previously published control database of older healthy individuals was used. Data were analyzed from January 2022 to October 2023. Exposures: PRS for SCAD comprised of 7 single-nucleotide variants. Main Outcomes and Measures: Disease status (familial SCAD, sporadic SCAD, or healthy control) associated with PRS. Results: A total of 13 families with SCAD (27 affected and 12 unaffected individuals), 173 individuals with sporadic SCAD, and 1127 healthy controls were included. A total of 188 individuals with SCAD (94.0%) were female, including 25 of 27 with familial SCAD and 163 of 173 with sporadic SCAD; of 12 unaffected individuals from families with SCAD, 6 (50%) were female; and of 1127 healthy controls, 672 (59.6%) were female. Compared with healthy controls, the odds of being an affected family member or having sporadic SCAD was significantly associated with a SCAD PRS (where the odds ratio [OR] represents an increase in odds per 1-SD increase in PRS) (affected family member: OR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.78-2.50; adjusted P = 1.96 × 10-4; sporadic SCAD: OR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.37-1.89; adjusted P = 5.69 × 10-4). This association was not seen for unaffected family members (OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.46-1.61; adjusted P =.91) compared with controls. Further, those with familial SCAD were overrepresented in the top quintile of the control PRS distribution (OR, 3.70; 95% CI, 2.93-4.47; adjusted P =.001); those with sporadic SCAD showed a similar pattern (OR, 2.51; 95% CI, 1.98-3.04; adjusted P =.001). Affected individuals within a family did not share any rare deleterious variants in CTD-associated genes. Conclusions and Relevance: Extreme aggregation of common genetic risk appears to play a significant role in familial clustering of SCAD as well as in sporadic case predisposition, although further study is required..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-261
Number of pages8
JournalJAMA Cardiology
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Mar 2024

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Polygenic Risk in Families with Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this