Policy statement - Consent for emergency medical services for children and adolescents

Paul E. Sirbaugh, Douglas S. Diekema, Kathy N. Shaw, Alice D. Ackerman, Thomas H. Chun, Gregory P. Conners, Nanette C. Dudley, Joel A. Fein, Susan M. Fuchs, Brian R. Moore, Steven M. Selbst, Joseph L. Wright, Kim Bullock, Toni K. Gross, Tamar Magarik Haro, Jaclyn Haymon, Elizabeth Edgerton, Mark A. Hostetler, Cynthia Wright-Johnson, Lou E. RomigSally K. Snow, David W. Tuggle, Tasmeen Weik, Steven E. Krug, Thomas Bojko, Laura S. Fitzmaurice, Karen S. Frush, Patricia J. O'Malley, Robert E. Sapien, Joan E. Shook, Milton Tenenbein, Loren G. Yamamoto, Kathleen Brown, Andrew Garrett, David Heppel, Dan Kavanaugh, Tommy Loyacono, Cindy Pellegrini, Tina Turgel, Sue Tellez, Mary Fallat, Armand H. Matheny Antommaria, Ian R. Holzman, Aviva L. Katz, Mark Mercurio, Sally A. Webb, Kathryn L. Weise, Lainie F. Ross, Philip L. Baese, Steven J. Ralston, Ellen Tsai, Jessica W. Berg, Alison Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Parental consent generally is required for the medical evaluation and treatment of minor children. However, children and adolescents might require evaluation of and treatment for emergency medical conditions in situations in which a parent or legal guardian is not available to provide consent or conditions under which an adolescent patient might possess the legal authority to provide consent. In general, a medical screening examination and any medical care necessary and likely to prevent imminent and significant harm to the pediatric patient with an emergency medical condition should not be withheld or delayed because of problems obtaining consent. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide guidance in those situations in which parental consent is not readily available, in which parental consent is not necessary, or in which parental refusal of consent places a child at risk of significant harm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-433
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Confidentiality
  • Emancipated minor
  • Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act
  • Emergency medical condition
  • Informed consent
  • Mature minor


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