Podocyte-specific induction of krüppel-like factor 15 restores differentiation markers and attenuates kidney injury in proteinuric kidney disease

Yiqing Guo, Jesse Pace, Zhengzhe Li, Avi Ma’ayan, Zichen Wang, Monica P. Revelo, Edward Chen, Xiangchen Gu, Ahmed Attalah, Yaqi Yang, Chelsea Estrada, Vincent W. Yang, John C. He, Sandeep K. Mallipattu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Podocyte injury is the hallmark of proteinuric kidney diseases, such as FSGS and minimal change disease, and destabilization of the podocyte’s actin cytoskeleton contributes to podocyte dysfunction in many of these conditions. Although agents, such as glucocorticoids and cyclosporin, stabilize the actin cytoskeleton, systemic toxicity hinders chronic use. We previously showed that loss of the kidney-enriched zinc finger transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) increases susceptibility to proteinuric kidney disease and attenuates the salutary effects of retinoic acid and glucocorticoids in the podocyte. Methods We induced podocyte-specific KLF15 in two proteinuric murine models, HIV-1 transgenic (Tg26) mice and adriamycin (ADR)-induced nephropathy, and used RNA sequencing of isolated glomeruli and subsequent enrichment analysis to investigate pathways mediated by podocyte-specific KLF15 in Tg26 mice. We also explored in cultured human podocytes the potential mediating role of Wilms Tumor 1 (WT1), a transcription factor critical for podocyte differentiation. Results In Tg26 mice, inducing podocyte-specific KLF15 attenuated podocyte injury, glomerulosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and inflammation, while improving renal function and overall survival; it also attenuated podocyte injury in ADR-treated mice. Enrichment analysis of RNA sequencing from the Tg26 mouse model shows that KLF15 induction activates pathways involved in stabilization of actin cytoskeleton, focal adhesion, and podocyte differentiation. Transcription factor enrichment analysis, with further experimental validation, suggests that KLF15 activity is in part mediated by WT1. Conclusions Inducing podocyte-specific KLF15 attenuates kidney injury by directly and indirectly upregulating genes critical for podocyte differentiation, suggesting that KLF15 induction might be a potential strategy for treating proteinuric kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2529-2545
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2018

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