Platelet-derived growth factor-specific regulation of the JE promoter in rat aortic smooth muscle cells

Vladimir Y. Bogdanov, Michael Poon, Mark B. Taubman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


JE is a member of the family of 'immediate early' genes induced by growth factors and cytokines. JE encodes a low molecular weight secretory glycoprotein analogous to the human monocyte chemoattractant protein, MCP-1. JE and MCP-1 proteins are thought to play an important role in inflammation and in the recruitment of monocyte/macrophages to the vessel wall during the development of atherosclerosis. We have previously reported that the induction of JE in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) was specific to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and was not seen with other growth agonists. Using a luciferase reporter system and transient transfection assays of rat aortic SMC, we now report the identification of a region in the proximal rat JE promoter that is responsive to PDGF but not to other growth factors (angiotensin II and α-thrombin) or cytokines (interleukin 1-β and tumor necrosis factor-α). The full response to PDGF (~6-fold) requires the cooperative activity of two potentially novel cis-acting elements, at positions -146 to -128 and -84 to -59. While each element produces a different pattern in electrophoretic mobility shift assays, they appear to bind the same PDGF-responsive species. Further analysis of these regions should provide important insights into PDGF-specific responses in vascular SMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24932-24938
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
StatePublished - 18 Sep 1998


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