Platelet accumulation in experimental angioplasty: Time course and relation to vascular injury

J. R. Wilentz, T. A. Sanborn, C. C. Haudenschild, C. R. Valeri, T. J. Ryan, D. P. Faxon

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288 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since platelet accumulation may be an important determinant of restenosis after angioplasty, the time course of 51Cr-labeled platelet accumulation after experimental angioplasty was evaluated in a deendothelialized, hypercholesterolemic rabbit preparation of atherosclerosis. Marked platelet accumulation (39.5 ± 8.7 x 106 platelets/1 cm vessel length) was observed at 30 min and remained active until 4 hr after angioplasty. Total accumulation over 24 hr was 56.4 ± 4.7 x 106 platelets/1 cm length. Histologic dissection was directly related to the degree of platelet accumulation, with 64 ± 15 x 106 platelets/1 cm in the group with marked dissection and 8.7 ± 3.7 x 106 platelets/1 cm in the group with minimal dissection (p < .05). Increasing angiographic dissection also resulted in a trend toward increased platelet accumulation, and angiographic change in luminal diameter showed a significant correlation with platelet accumulation. It is concluded that marked platelet accumulation occurs early after transluminal angioplasty and is related to the extent of dissection. Restenosis may result from a complex interaction of platelet accumulation, vascular damage, and blood flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-642
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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