PIEZO1 is a distal nephron mechanosensor and is required for flow-induced K+ secretion

Rolando Carrisoza-Gaytan, Stephanie M. Mutchler, Francisco Carattino, Joanne Soong, Marianela G. Dalghi, Peng Wu, Wen Hui Wang, Gerard Apodaca, Lisa M. Satlin, Thomas R. Kleyman

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2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ca2+-activated BK channels in renal intercalated cells (ICs) mediate luminal flow–induced K+ secretion (FIKS), but how ICs sense increased flow remains uncertain. We examined whether PIEZO1, a mechanosensitive Ca2+-permeable channel expressed in the basolateral membranes of ICs, is required for FIKS. In isolated cortical collecting ducts (CCDs), the mechanosensitive cation-selective channel inhibitor GsMTx4 dampened flow-induced increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), whereas the PIEZO1 activator Yoda1 increased [Ca2+]i and BK channel activity. CCDs from mice fed a high-K+ (HK) diet exhibited a greater Yoda1-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i than CCDs from mice fed a control K+ diet. ICs in CCDs isolated from mice with a targeted gene deletion of Piezo1 in ICs (IC-Piezo1-KO) exhibited a blunted [Ca2+]i response to Yoda1 or increased flow, with an associated loss of FIKS in CCDs. Male IC-Piezo1-KO mice selectively exhibited an increased blood [K+] in response to an oral K+ bolus and blunted urinary K+ excretion following a volume challenge. Whole-cell expression of BKα subunit was reduced in ICs of IC-Piezo1-KO mice fed an HK diet. We conclude that PIEZO1 mediates flow-induced basolateral Ca2+ entry into ICs, is upregulated in the CCD in response to an HK diet, and is necessary for FIKS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere174806
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume134
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024

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