Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is an autosomal dominant condition with congenital anomalies of the craniofacial and limb regions and neurodegeneration. Genetic anticipation for the dysmorphic and neurologic features has been inferred in a few families. Our previous linkage studies have refined the ODDD candidate region to chromosome 6q22→q23. In an attempt to clone the ODDD gene, we created a yeast artificial chromosome contig with 31 redundant clones spanning the region and identified and ordered candidate genes and markers. Fluorescent in situ hybridization mapped two of these YAC clones to chromosome 6q22.2 telomeric to a known 6q21 fragile site, excluding it as a possible cause of the suggested anticipation. We performed mutation analysis on thirteen candidate genes - GRIK2, HDAC2, COL10A1, PTD013, KPNA5, PIST, ROS1, BRD7, PLN, HSF2, PKIB, FABP7, and HEY2. Although no mutations were found, we identified 44 polymorphisms, including 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms. Direct cDNA selection was performed and fifty-five clones were found to contain sequences that were not previously reported as known genes or ESTs. These clones and polymorphisms will assist in the further characterization of this region and identification of disease genes.