Photoprotection for skin of all color: Consensus and clinical guidance from an expert panel

Darrell S. Rigel, Susan C. Taylor, Henry W. Lim, Andrew F. Alexis, April W. Armstrong, Zelma C. Chiesa Fuxench, Zoe D. Draelos, Iltefat H. Hamzavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The negative effects of sun exposure have become better accepted among health care professionals and the lay public over recent decades. Most attention has been focused on the effects of UV light, particularly UVB wavelengths (290-320 nm). Accordingly, products to protect skin from sunlight-associated harm (sunscreens) have been developed to minimize UVB exposure. The effects of longer wavelengths, including UVA (320-400 nm) and visible light (VL, 400-700 nm), are increasingly appreciated. VL accounts for approximately half of the solar radiation that reaches the earth's surface and understanding of its effects on the skin is improving. Studies have shown that VL can induce hyperpigmentation in individuals with dark skin types (Fitzpatrick skin types IV-VI). In addition, VL can contribute to the exacerbation of pigmentary disorders, including melasma. Because these findings are relatively new, there are gaps in understanding the needs for photoprotection and guidance for clinicians. A panel of dermatologists and photobiologists was convened to develop consensus recommendations and clinical guidance about sunscreen use relevant to the current understanding of risks associated with sun exposure using a modified Delphi method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S1-S8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • photoprotection
  • skin of color
  • sunscreens
  • ultraviolet light
  • visible light


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