Phases of hyperconnectivity and hypoconnectivity in the default mode and salience networks track with amyloid and tau in clinically normal individuals

Aaron P. Schultz, Jasmeer P. Chhatwal, Trey Hedden, Elizabeth C. Mormino, Bernard J. Hanseeuw, Jorge Sepulcre, Willem Huijbers, Molly LaPoint, Rachel F. Buckley, Keith A. Johnson, Reisa A. Sperling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

189 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by two hallmark molecular pathologies: amyloid aβ1– 42 and Tau neurofibrillary tangles. To date, studies of functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) in individuals with preclinical AD have relied on associations with in vivo measures of amyloid pathology. With the recent advent of in vivo Tau-PET tracers it is now possible to extend investigations on fcMRI in a sample of cognitively normal elderly humans to regional measures of Tau. We modeled fcMRI measures across four major cortical association networks [default-mode network (DMN), salience network (SAL), dorsal attention network, and frontoparietal control network] as a function of global cortical amyloid [Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB)-PET] and regional Tau (AV1451-PET) in entorhinal, inferior temporal (IT), and inferior parietal cortex. Results showed that the interaction term between PiB and IT AV1451 was significantly associated with connectivity in the DMN and salience. The interaction revealed that amyloid-positive (aβ+) individuals show increased connectivity in the DMN and salience when neocortical Tau levels are low, whereas aβ+ individuals demonstrate decreased connectivity in these networks as a function of elevated Tau-PET signal. This pattern suggests a hyperconnectivity phase followed by a hypoconnectivity phase in the course of preclinical AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4323-4331
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume37
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AV1451
  • Amyloid
  • DMN
  • FcMRI
  • PiB
  • Tau

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