Phase II trial of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone in black men with metastatic prostate cancer

Che Kai Tsao, John Sfakianos, Bobby Liaw, Kiev Gimpel-Tetra, Margaret Kemeny, Linda Bulone, Mohammad Shahin, William Kyu Oh, Matthew David Galsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Self-identified black men have higher incidence and mortality from prostate cancer in the United States compared with white men but are dramatically underrepresented in clinical trials exploring novel therapies for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: Black men with mCRPC were treated with abiraterone acetate (AA), 1,000 mg daily, and prednisone (P), 5 mg twice daily. The primary objective was to determine antitumor activity (defined by a ≥ 30% decline in prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level) and to correlate germline polymorphisms in androgen metabolism genes with antitumor activity. Secondary objectives included determining safety, post-treatment changes in measurable disease, and time to disease progression. RESULTS: From April 2013 to March 2016, a total of 11 black men were enrolled and received AA plus P (AA+P); 7 of 10 evaluable patients were docetaxel naive. Post-treatment declines in PSA level of ≥ 30% were achieved in 90% of patients. The side effect profile was consistent with prior clinical trials exploring AA+P in mCRPC. Due to poor accrual, the study was closed prematurely with insufficient sample size for the planned pharmacogenetic analyses. CONCLUSION: In this small prospective study terminated for poor accrual, the safety and activity of AA+P in black men with mCRPC was similar to that reported in prior studies exploring AA in largely white populations. Further efforts are needed to address underrepresentation of black men in mCRPC trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1414e1-1414e9
JournalOncologist
Volume21
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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