Purpose: A phase I first-in-human study was conducted to characterize the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic properties of the anti-insulinlike growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-IR) monoclonal antibody CP-751,871. Patients and Methods: After informed consent and screening, 47 patients with multiple myeloma in relapse or refractory phase were enrolled into 11 dose-escalation cohorts of CP-751,871 at doses from 0.025 to 20 mg/kg for 4 weeks. Patients with less than a partial response to CP-751,871 treatment were eligible to receive CP-751,871 in combination with oral dexamethasone at the discretion of the investigator. Treatment with CP-751,871 and rapamycin with or without dexamethasone was also offered to patients enrolled in the 10 and 20 mg/kg cohorts with less than a partial response to initial therapy with single-agent CP-751,871. Results: No CP-751,871-related dose-limiting toxicities were identified. Plasma CP-751,871 concentrations increased with dose and concentration-time profiles were consistent with those of antibodies with target-mediated disposition. Importantly, CP-751,871 administration led to a decrease in granulocyte IGF-IR expression and serum insulinlike growth factor 1 accumulation at high doses, suggesting systemic IGF-IR inhibition. Tumor response was assessed according to the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation criteria. Nine responses were reported in 27 patients treated with CP-751,871 in combination with dexamethasone. Of interest, two of the patients with a partial response were progressing from dexamethasone treatment at study entry. Conclusion: These data indicate that CP-751,871 is well tolerated and may constitute a novel agent in the treatment of multiple myeloma.