Phase I and preliminary phase II study of neocarzinostatin

T. W. Griffin, R. L. Comis, J. J. Lokich, R. H. Blum, G. P. Canellos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Neocarzinostatin is a protein antitumor antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces carzinostaticus var. F41. The drug has undergone extensive clinical trial in Japan, and has been reported active against a variety of human tumors. A phase I and preliminary phase II evaluation of the drug has been performed, using an iv bolus daily x 5 schedule. 96 patients have been treated at doses from 500 to 2250 units/m 2/day. Courses were repeated at 4-week intervals if allowed by bone marrow recovery. Dose-limiting toxicity was myelosuppression, which occurred late (median nadir, Day 27). Myelosuppression was more pronounced in patients who had received previous chemotherapy. In in 9 patients (9%) thrombocytopenia was prolonged (>45 days) or irreversible. Acute administration of the drug was associated with rigors in approximately half the patients. Gastrointestinal side effects were mild. 3 patients had a severe acute reaction resembling anaphylaxis. The maximally tolerated dose for this dose schedule is approximately 2250 units/m 2/day. Antitumor activity has been seen in hepatoma and hematologic malignancies. Activity in lung and colorectal carcinoma appears limited with this dose schedule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2019-2025
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Treatment Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1978


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