Background: Abrocitinib efficacy by prior dupilumab response status in patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis has not previously been assessed in phase 3 studies. Objective: Examine efficacy and safety of abrocitinib among patients who received prior dupilumab. Methods: Patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis received abrocitinib 200 mg or 100 mg once daily in JADE EXTEND (phase 3 extension) after dupilumab in double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 JADE COMPARE. Results: Among prior dupilumab responders, ≥75% improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index was achieved in 93.5% and 90.2% of patients who received 12 weeks of abrocitinib 200 mg and 100 mg, respectively; ≥4-point improvement in Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale was achieved in 89.7% and 81.6%, respectively. Among prior dupilumab nonresponders, ≥75% improvement in Eczema Area and Severity Index was achieved with abrocitinib 200 mg and 100 mg in 80.0% and 67.7% and ≥4-point improvement in Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale in 77.3% and 37.8%, respectively. Most common adverse events among abrocitinib-treated patients were nasopharyngitis, nausea, acne, and headache. Conjunctivitis occurred less frequently with abrocitinib in comparison to prior dupilumab. Limitations: Short-term, 12-week analysis; no placebo arm. Conclusion: Efficacy and safety profile of abrocitinib in JADE EXTEND supports the role of abrocitinib as a treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, regardless of prior dupilumab response status.
- atopic dermatitis