Pharmacokinetics of sufentanil in obese patients

A. E. Schwartz, R. S. Matteo, E. Ornstein, W. L. Young, K. J. Myers

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76 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of sufentanil were determined in eight obese (94.1 ± 14 kg, mean ± SD) and eight control patients (70.1 ± 13 kg) anesthetized for neurosurgery. After induction of anesthesia, 4 μg/kg of sufentanil was administered in a single intravenous bolus. Multiple arterial samples were obtained at timed intervals over 6 h, and plasma concentrations of sufentanil were measured by radioimmunoassay. Calculation of pharmacokinetic variables from the derived compartmental models demonstrated an increased volume of distribution of sufentanil in the obese (9098 ± 2793 mL/kg ideal body weight, mean ± SD) when compared with a control group (5073 ± 1673 mL/kg ideal body weight) (P < 0.01) and a prolonged elimination half-life (208 ± 82 min vs 135 ± 42 min, P < 0.05). The total volume of distribution correlated linearly with the degree of obesity, as expressed in percent ideal body weight (r = 0.67). In contrast, plasma clearance was similar in both obese and control groups (32.9 ± 12.5 vs 26.4 ± 5.7 mL/kg ideal body weight). The high lipid solubility of sufentanil probably explains the altered pharmacokinetics of this opioid in obese patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-793
Number of pages4
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

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