Pharmacokinetically guided phase 1 trial of the IGF-1 receptor antagonist RG1507 in children with recurrent or refractory solid tumors

Rochelle Bagatell, C. E. Herzog, T. M. Trippett, J. F. Grippo, G. Cirrincione-Dall, E. Fox, M. Macy, J. Bish, P. Whitcomb, A. Aikin, G. Wright, S. Yurasov, F. M. Balis, L. Gore

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42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: This pediatric phase I study was designed to identify the doses of RG1507, a monoclonal antibody against the Type 1 Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor (IGF1R), that achieves exposures equivalent to those achieved in adults at recommended doses. Experimental Design: Children with relapsed or refractory solid tumors were treated using the same doses and administration schedules of RG1507 (3 and 9 mg/kg/wk, and 16 mg/kg every 3 weeks [q3W]) as those studied in adults. Detailed pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling was performed after the first dose; selected peak and trough levels were subsequently obtained. Target exposures were ≥85% of mean areas under concentration x time curves (AUCs) in adults at doses of 9 mg/kg/wk and 16 mg/kg q3W. A maximum tolerated dose could be identified if dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) occurred. Results: Thirty-one evaluable patients aged 3-17 years were enrolled at 3 mg/kg/wk (n=3), 9 mg/kg/wk (n = 18), or 16 mg/kg q3W (n = 10). There were no DLTs. At 9 mg/kg/wk the mean AUC0-7d (21,000 μg h/ mL) exceeded the target (16,000 mg h/mL). At 16 mg/kg q3W, the mean AUC021d (70,000 μg h/mL) exceeded the target (59,400 mg h/mL). Clearance normalized to body weight was age dependent. There were no objective responses. Seven patients had stable disease for >12 weeks, including two patients with osteosarcoma with stable disease for 52+ and 78+ weeks. Conclusions: The recommended doses of RG1507 in children with solid tumors are 9 mg/kg/wk and 16 mg/kg q3W. This flexible design is well suited for trials of agents associated with limited toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-619
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

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