PET/MR Imaging of Somatostatin Receptor Expression and Tumor Vascularity in Meningioma: Implications for Pathophysiology and Tumor Outcomes

Michelle Roytman, Sean Kim, Shannon Glynn, Charlene Thomas, Eaton Lin, Whitney Feltus, Rajiv S. Magge, Benjamin Liechty, Theodore H. Schwartz, Rohan Ramakrishna, Nicolas A. Karakatsanis, Susan C. Pannullo, Joseph R. Osborne, Jonathan P.S. Knisely, Jana Ivanidze

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Meningiomas, the most common primary intracranial tumor, are vascular neoplasms that express somatostatin receptor-2 (SSTR2). The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate if a relationship exists between tumor vascularity and SSTR2 expression, which may play a role in meningioma prognostication and clinical management. Materials and Methods: Gallium-68-DOTATATE PET/MRI with dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) perfusion was prospectively performed. Clinical and demographic patient characteristics were recorded. Tumor volumes were segmented and superimposed onto parametric DCE maps including flux rate constant (Kep), transfer constant (Ktrans), extravascular volume fraction (Ve), and plasma volume fraction (Vp). Meningioma PET standardized uptake value (SUV) and SUV ratio to superior sagittal sinus (SUVRSSS) were recorded. Pearson correlation analyses were performed. In a random subset, analysis was repeated by a second investigator, and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were determined. Results: Thirty-six patients with 60 meningiomas (20 WHO-1, 27 WHO-2, and 13 WHO-3) were included. Mean Kep demonstrated a strong significant positive correlation with SUV (r = 0.84, p < 0.0001) and SUVRSSS (r = 0.81, p < 0.0001). When stratifying by WHO grade, this correlation persisted in WHO-2 (r = 0.91, p < 0.0001) and WHO-3 (r = 0.92, p = 0.0029) but not WHO-1 (r = 0.26, p = 0.4, SUVRSSS). ICC was excellent (0.97–0.99). Conclusion: DOTATATE PET/MRI demonstrated a strong significant correlation between tumor vascularity and SSTR2 expression in WHO-2 and WHO-3, but not WHO-1 meningiomas, suggesting biological differences in the relationship between tumor vascularity and SSTR2 expression in higher-grade meningiomas, the predictive value of which will be tested in future work.

Original languageEnglish
Article number820287
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DCE = dynamic contrast enhanced
  • DCE Perfusion MRI
  • DOTATATE
  • PET/MRI
  • meningioma
  • somatostatin receptor

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