PERSUADE Survey—PERioperative AnestheSia and Intensive Care Management of Left VentricUlar Assist DevicE Implantation in Europe and the United States

EACTAIC Transplant and VAD Subcommittee, SATA, and writing group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To comprehensively assess relevant institutional variations in anesthesia and intensive care management during left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Design: The authors used a prospective data analysis. Setting: This was an online survey. Participants: Participants were from LVAD centers in Europe and the US. Interventions: After investigating initial interest, 91 of 202 European and 93 of 195 US centers received a link to the survey targeting institutional organization and experience, perioperative hemodynamic monitoring, medical management, and postoperative intensive care aspects. Measurements and Main Results: The survey was completed by 73 (36.1%) European and 60 (30.8%) US centers. Although most LVAD implantations were performed in university hospitals (>5 years of experience), significant differences were observed in the composition of the preoperative multidisciplinary team and provision of intraoperative care. No significant differences in monitoring or induction agents were observed. Propofol was used more often for maintenance in Europe (p < 0.001). The choice for inotropes changed significantly from preoperatively (more levosimendan in Europe) to intraoperatively (more use of epinephrine in both Europe and the US). The use of quantitative methods for defining right ventricular (RV) function was reported more often from European centers than from US centers (p < 0.05). Temporary mechanical circulatory support for the treatment of RV failure was more often used in Europe. Nitric oxide appeared to play a major role only intraoperatively. There were no significant differences in early postoperative complications reported from European versus US centers. Conclusions: Although the perioperative practice of care for patients undergoing LVAD implantation differs in several aspects between Europe and the US, there were no perceived differences in early postoperative complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • LVAD implantation
  • anesthesia
  • center differences
  • intensive care
  • perioperative mangement
  • survey

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'PERSUADE Survey—PERioperative AnestheSia and Intensive Care Management of Left VentricUlar Assist DevicE Implantation in Europe and the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this