Viable new treatments for depression and anxiety have been slow to emerge, likely owing to the complex and incompletely understood etiology of these disorders. A budding area of research with great therapeutic promise involves the study of resilience, the adaptive maintenance of normal physiology and behavior despite exposure to marked psychological stress. This phenomenon, documented in both humans and animal models, involves coordinated biological mechanisms in numerous bodily systems, both peripheral and central. In this review, we provide an overview of resilience mechanisms throughout the body, discussing current research in animal models investigating the roles of the neuroendocrine, immune, and central nervous systems in behavioral resilience to stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-79
Number of pages14
JournalNeurobiology of Stress
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2015


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Neuroimmune
  • Plasticity
  • Resilience
  • Stress


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