Perilipin 5 ameliorates high-glucose-induced podocyte injury via Akt/GSK-3β/Nrf2-mediated suppression of apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation

Jie Feng, Liyi Xie, Xiaoyang Yu, Chao Liu, Hongjuan Dong, Wanhong Lu, Ranran Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyperglycemia-induced podocyte damage contributes to the onset of diabetic nephropathy, a severe complication of diabetes. Perilipin 5 (Plin5) exerts a vital role in numerous pathological conditions via affecting cell apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation. However, whether Plin5 plays a role in regulating podocyte damage of diabetic nephropathy has not been fully determined. This work aimed to explore the role of Plin5 in mediating high glucose (HG)-induced injury of podocytes in vitro. Our results demonstrated that Plin5 expression was markedly decreased in mouse podocytes challenged with HG. Plin5 overexpression markedly suppressed HG-induced apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and the pro-inflammatory response in podocytes. On the contrary, Plin5 silencing produced the opposite effects. Further mechanistic analysis demonstrated that Plin5 upregulation remarkably increased the levels of phospho-Akt and phospho-glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) in HG-exposed podocytes. Moreover, Plin5 overexpression increased the levels of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and enhanced the activation of Nrf2 signaling. Akt inhibition markedly blocked Plin5-mediated activation of Nrf2, while GSK-3β inhibition reversed Plin5-silencing-induced suppressive effects on Nrf2 activation. Notably, Nrf2 suppression significantly blocked Plin5-mediated protective effects against HG-induced podocyte injury. In summary, our work indicates a vital role for Plin5 in protecting against HG-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation in podocytes via modulation of Akt/GSK-3β/Nrf2 signaling. This study suggests that Plin5 may participate in modulating podocyte damage in diabetic nephropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-30
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume544
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • High glucose
  • Nrf2
  • Perilipin 5
  • Podocyte

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