Peri-Calculus Ureteral Thickness on Computed Tomography Predicts Stone Impaction at Time of Surgery: A Prospective Study

Ryan Chandhoke, Jacob N. Bamberger, Blair Gallante, William Atallah, Mantu Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and Objectives: Ureteroscopic management of impacted ureteral stones poses multiple challenges. We examined whether ureteral thickness measured on preoperative noncontrast computed tomography (CT) is predictive of stone impaction at the time of ureteroscopy (URS). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with preoperative CT scan and undergoing URS for ureteral stones were prospectively studied. Ureteral thickness directly above, around (peri-calculus ureteral thickness [P-CUT]), and below the calculus were determined on CT scan. The cross-sectional surface area around the stone (P-CUT) was also calculated. Stones were considered impacted at surgery if contrast had difficulty passing, a guidewire could not pass, and the stone was visually impacted >5 on a Likert scale. The surgeon determining intraoperative impaction and the individual measuring the ureteral thickness on CT were blinded. Results: Fourteen of the 38 patients were found to have an impacted ureteral stone at the time of surgery. Patients with an intraoperative finding of an impacted stone had significantly higher ureteral thickness above, around (P-CUT), below the calculus, and P-CUT surface area with all four p-values <0.001. P-CUT surface area was independently predictive of impaction at the time of surgery on multivariate analysis. A mean P-CUT of 6.1 and 1.6 mm and P-CUT surface area of 92.6 and 15.4 mm2 were noted for the impacted and nonimpacted stones, respectively. Conclusion: Ureteral thicknesses above, around (P-CUT), and below the calculus are readily measurable on CT scan. P-CUT surface area can also be calculated for a stronger representation of ureteral thickness. These four parameters are predictive of ureteral stone impaction and useful for surgical planning and patient counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-111
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • computed tomography
  • impacted
  • stone impaction
  • ureteral stones
  • ureteral thickness
  • ureteroscopy

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