Performance of the Dexcom G6 Continuous Glucose Monitoring System in Pregnant Women with Diabetes

Kristin Castorino, Sarit Polsky, Grenye O'malley, Camilla Levister, Kristen Nelson, Christian Farfan, Scott Brackett, Sarah Puhr, Carol J. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the performance of the Dexcom G6 continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system across three sensor wear sites in pregnant women with diabetes in the second or third trimesters. Methods: Participants with type 1 (T1D), type 2 (T2D), or gestational (GDM) diabetes mellitus were enrolled at three sites. Each wore two G6 sensors on the abdomen, upper buttock, and/or posterior upper arm for 10 days and underwent a 6-h clinic session between days 3 and 7 of sensor wear, during which YSI reference blood glucose values were obtained every 30 min. No intentional glucose manipulations were performed. Accuracy metrics included the proportion of CGM values that were within ±20% of paired reference values >100 mg/dL or ±20 mg/dL of YSI values ≤100 mg/dL (hereafter referred to as %20/20), as well as the analogous %15/15, %30/30, and %40/40. The mean absolute relative difference (MARD) between CGM-YSI pairs was also calculated. Results: Thirty-two participants with T1D (n = 20), T2D (n = 3), or GDM (n = 9) were enrolled: 19 were in the second trimester and 13 were in the third trimester of pregnancy. Compared with the reference, 92.5% of CGM values were within ±20%/20 mg/dL. The overall MARD and that of sensors worn on the abdomen, upper buttock, and posterior upper arm was 10.3%, 11.5%, 11.2%, and 8.7%, respectively. There were no device-related adverse events. Skin reactions at the insertion sites were absent or minor. Conclusions: The Dexcom G6 CGM system is accurate and safe in pregnant women with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-947
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes Technology and Therapeutics
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Accuracy
  • Continuous glucose monitoring
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Performance
  • Pregnancy
  • Safety

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