Purpose: In this preliminary study, our aim was to assess the utility of quantitative native-T1 (T1-pre), iron-corrected T1 (cT1) of the liver/spleen and T1 mapping of the liver obtained during hepatobiliary phase (T1-HBP) post-gadoxetate disodium, compared to spleen size/volume and APRI (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index) for noninvasive diagnosis of clinically significant portal hypertension [CSPH, defined as hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) ≥ 10 mm Hg]. Methods: Forty-nine patients (M/F: 27/22, mean age 53y) with chronic liver disease, HVPG measurement and MRI were included. Breath-held T1 and cT1 measurements were obtained using an inversion recovery Look-Locker sequence and a T2* corrected modified Look-Locker sequence, respectively. Liver T1-pre (n = 49), spleen T1 (obtained pre-contrast, n = 47), liver and spleen cT1 (both obtained pre-contrast, n = 30), liver T1-HBP (obtained 20 min post gadoxetate disodium injection, n = 36) and liver T1 uptake (ΔT1, n = 36) were measured. Spleen size/volume and APRI were also obtained. Spearman correlation coefficients were used to assess the correlation between each of liver/spleen T1/cT1 parameters, spleen size/volume and APRI with HVPG. ROC analysis was performed to determine the performance of measured parameters for diagnosis of CSPH. Results: There were 12/49 (24%) patients with CSPH. Liver T1-pre (r = 0.287, p = 0.045), liver T1-HBP (r = 0.543, p = 0.001), liver ΔT1 (r = − 0.437, p = 0.008), spleen T1 (r = 0.311, p = 0.033) and APRI (r = 0.394, p = 0.005) were all significantly correlated with HVPG, while liver cT1, spleen cT1 and spleen size/volume were not. The highest AUCs for the diagnosis of CSPH were achieved with liver T1-HBP, liver ΔT1 and spleen T1: 0.881 (95%CI 0.76–1.0, p = 0.001), 0.852 (0.72–0.98, p = 0.002) and 0.781 (0.60–0.95, p = 0.004), respectively. Conclusion: Our preliminary results demonstrate the potential of liver T1 mapping obtained during HBP post gadoxetate disodium for the diagnosis of CSPH. These results require further validation. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3758-3769
Number of pages12
JournalAbdominal Radiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Gadoxetate disodium
  • Hepatic venous pressure gradient
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Portal hypertension
  • T mapping


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