Percutaneous ventricular septal defect closure

Christina Chrysohoou, Ankit Parikh, Stamatios Lerakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD) are common in early childhood but the prevalence in adulthood is low due to spontaneous closure. Echocardiography can assess the location and size of the VSD, the direction of the intra-cardiac shunt, the effect of the VSD on the cardiac chambers and other associated anomalies. Percutaneous closure of the VSD has become an alternative to surgery. The location of the VSD determines it's feasibility for device closure. Echocardiography guidance is critical for the safe and successful VSD closure as well for the follow up evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntraprocedural Imaging of Cardiovascular Interventions
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9783319294285
ISBN (Print)9783319294261
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Echocardiographic guidance
  • Kirklin VSD classification
  • Percutaneous closure
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD)


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