Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure with an epicardial suture ligation approach: A prospective randomized pre-clinical feasibility study

Sheldon M. Singh, Srinivas R. Dukkipati, Andre d'Avila, Shephal K. Doshi, Vivek Y. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous approaches to left atrial appendage (LAA) closure are being developed for stroke prophylaxis in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients as an alternative to warfarin. A pericardial suture ligation approach has the advantage of ultimately leaving no permanent implant within the blood pool, but the potential disadvantage of inadequate placement, thereby not excluding the entire LAA from the circulation. Objective: This study sought to investigate the ability of a novel percutaneous pericardial snare and suture ligation device to achieve complete LAA exclusion. Methods: Ten animals underwent LAA exclusion with a pericardial snare and suture ligation in this prospective randomized feasibility study. Animals were randomized to concomitant use of a transseptally placed endoluminal balloon within the LAA to aid in proximal positioning and stabilization of the pericardial snare and suture. The level of LAA appendage exclusion was determined at necropsy. Results: Nine animals completed the study, 5 with and 4 without the use of the endoluminal LAA balloon. In all animals, LAA closure was complete without a leak. The level of LAA closure was at the base without a proximal residual LAA remnant in 5 of 5 (100%) animals when the endoluminal balloon was used, but in only 1 of 4 (25%) of animals when it was not used. No acute procedural complications occurred. Conclusion: Percutaneous epicardial suture ligation of the LAA is feasible with this novel device. The concomitant use of an endoluminal balloon catheter placed in the LAA significantly increases the likelihood of excluding the entire LAA from the circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-376
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Epicardial
  • Left atrial appendage
  • Suture ligation
  • Thromboembolism

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