Perception of early parenting in panic and agoraphobia

C. Faravelli, C. Panichi, S. Pallanti, S. Paterniti, L. M. Grecu, S. Rivelli

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45 Scopus citations


Thirty‐two patients with a DSM‐III‐R diagnosis of panic disorder (PD) were administered the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), a 25‐item self‐report questionnaire devised to evaluate parental rearing practices. Compared with 32 matched health controls, PD patients scored both their parents as being significantly less caring and more overprotective. Moreover, the consistency of parental attitudes between the 2 parents was significantly lower, indicating lesser uniformity in the rearing patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-8
Number of pages3
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Key words
  • agoraphobia
  • panic
  • parenting


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