Pediatric interventional bronchoscopy: From early limitations to achievable opportunities

Megan N. Januska, Kimberley Kaspy, Kubra M. Bozkanat, Alfin G. Vicencio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of reviewThe rapid evolution of bronchoscopy equipment and technologies, from the introduction of the 1.1 mm flexible cryoprobe to the use of navigational and robotic bronchoscopy, has afforded unprecedented opportunities for pediatric advanced diagnostic and interventional bronchoscopy. While there is growing interest among pediatric pulmonologists to incorporate these new techniques into their practice, the current pediatric landscape is characterized by few practicing interventional bronchoscopists, scant published literature, and no formal training programs.Recent findingsWhile the majority of the published literature consists of case reports and small case series, the increased application of new techniques is starting to yield larger and more structured studies that will be able to provide more objective commentary on the proposed indications, safety, and efficacy of such techniques in the pediatric population.SummaryFor many decades, progress in pediatric advanced diagnostic and interventional bronchoscopy was slow and deliberate, limited by the lack of appropriately sized equipment and experienced interventional bronchoscopists. The current opportunities afforded require equal, or perhaps even more, vigilance as pediatric pulmonologists employ new equipment and technologies and define new practices and standards of care. Importantly, this review is meant to serve as a general conspectus of pediatric advanced diagnostic and interventional bronchoscopy and not a consensus guideline for the performance of advanced or even routine bronchoscopy in the pediatric population. For technical standards of pediatric bronchoscopy, refer to existing guidelines [1,2].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • advanced diagnostic bronchoscopy
  • interventional bronchoscopy
  • pediatric bronchoscopy
  • pediatric pulmonology fellowship training

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