Patients with resolution of low-lying placenta and placenta previa remain at increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage

C. A. DeBolt, H. M. Rosenberg, A. Pruzan, C. Goldberger, E. Kaplowitz, A. Buckley, L. Vieira, J. Stone, A. Bianco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether women who experience resolution of low placentation (low-lying placenta or placenta previa) are at increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage compared to those with normal placentation throughout pregnancy. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered at Mount Sinai Hospital between 2015 and 2019, and who were diagnosed with low-lying placenta or placenta previa on transvaginal ultrasound at the time of the second-trimester anatomical survey, with resolution of low placentation on subsequent ultrasound examination. Women undergoing second-trimester anatomical survey who had normal placentation on transvaginal ultrasound 3 days before or after the cases were randomly identified for comparison. The primary outcome was the rate of postpartum hemorrhage. Secondary outcomes included the need for a blood transfusion, use of additional uterotonic medication, the need for additional procedures to control bleeding, and maternal admission to the intensive care unit. Outcomes were assessed using a multivariable logistic regression model. Results: A total of 1256 women were identified for analysis, of whom 628 had resolved low placentation and 628 had normal placentation. Women with resolved low placentation, compared to those with normal placentation throughout pregnancy, had significantly higher mean age (33.0 ± 5.4 years vs 31.9 ± 5.5 years; P < 0.01) and lower mean body mass index at delivery (27.9 ± 5.5 kg/m2 vs 30.2 ± 5.7 kg/m2; P < 0.01), and were more likely to have undergone in-vitro fertilization, be of non-Hispanic white race, have posterior placental location (all P < 0.01) and have private/commercial health insurance (P = 0.04). Patients with resolved low placentation vs normal placentation had greater odds of postpartum hemorrhage (adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 3.5 (95% CI, 2.0–6.0); P < 0.01), use of additional uterotonic medication (aOR, 2.2 (95% CI, 1.5–3.1); P < 0.01) and increased rates of additional procedures to control bleeding (aOR, 4.0 (95% CI, 1.3–11.9); P = 0.01). Conclusion: Despite high rates of resolution of low-lying placenta and placenta previa by term, women with resolved low placentation remain at increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage compared to those with normal placentation throughout pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • low placentation
  • obstetric ultrasound
  • postpartum hemorrhage
  • resolved low-lying placenta
  • resolved placenta previa
  • risk factors
  • uterotonic medication

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