Abstract

The prognostic impact of amplification of chromosome 1(C1A) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (nMM) patients treated with the most commonly used bortezomib-based triplet regimens is unclear. In this study, we analyzed the outcome of novel triplet therapies in a series of unselected patients with C1A detected by FISH. We identified 28 unselected nMM patients with C1A who had a gain of 1q21 locus. Despite 50% of patients being diagnosed at ISS stage 1 or 2 and 93% having no other high-risk molecular findings, the median overall survival of all patients was only 37 months, with 8 deaths (29%) occurring 8-37 months after diagnosis. Those who died had a median of four lines (range was 1-8) of therapy. Moreover, 71% of patients were non-Caucasian. Extra-osseous and CNS involvement occurred in 36 and 11% of patients respectively. Gain of the long arm of chromosome 1 detected by FISH remains a high-risk prognostic marker even in the setting of novel triplet therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-620
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

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