Paternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 1 revealed by molecular analysis of a patient with pycnodysostosis

Bruce D. Gelb, Judith P. Willner, Teresa M. Dunn, Nataline B. Kardon, Alain Verloes, Jacques Poncin, Robert J. Desnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular analysis of a patient affected by the autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia, pycnodysostosis (cathepsin K deficiency; MIM 265800), revealed homozygosity for a novel missense mutation (A277V). Since the A277V mutation was carried by the patient's father but not by his mother, who had two normal cathepsin K alleles, paternal uniparental disomy was suspected. Karyotyping of the patient and of both parents was normal, and high- resolution cytogenetic analyses of chromosome 1, to which cathepsin K is mapped, revealed no abnormalities. Evaluation of polymorphic DNA markers spanning chromosome 1 demonstrated that the patient had inherited two paternal chromosome 1 homologues, whereas alleles for markers from other chromosomes were inherited in a Mendelian fashion. The patient was homoallelic for informative markers mapping near the chromosome 1 centromere, but he was heteroallelic for markers near both telomeres, establishing that the paternal uniparental disomy with partial isodisomy was caused by a meiosis II nondisjunction event. Phenotypically, the patient had normal birth height and weight, had normal psychomotor development at age 7 years, and had only the usual features of pycnodysostosis. This patient represents the first case of paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 1 and provides conclusive evidence that paternally derived genes on human chromosome 1 are not imprinted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-854
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1998

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