Introduction The effect of paternal characteristics on embryo development and the outcome of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy have not been extensively explored. This study investigates the association of sperm parameters, insemination, and extraction techniques, with the rate of embryo aneuploidy. This study sought to evaluate the association between male factor infertility and embryo aneuploidy. Material and methods Patients underwent in vitro fertilization using intracytoplasmic sperm injection, with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. Patients were divided into four groups by sperm parameters: Group A: oligozoospermia (sperm concentration <10 million, morphology > 4%); Group B: teratozoospermia (sperm concentration >10 million, morphology <4%); Group C: oligozoospermia and teratozoospermia (sperm concentration <10 million, morphology <4%); Group D: controls. Additionally, couples were divided into three categories by days of abstinence: Group A: <2; Group B: 2-7; and Group C: >7. Results A total of 4108 in vitro fertilization cycles with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy were analyzed. After controlling for parental age and follicle count, the rate of embryo aneuploidy was not affected by duration of abstinence, sperm parameters, or the source of the sperm sample. Conclusions Numerous factors related to sperm source and quality were evaluated, and a minimal influence on the rate of embryo aneuploidy was observed.
- Male infertility
- Preimplantation genetic testing
- Testicular sperm extraction