Parotid gland tissues investigated by picosecond time-gated and optical spectroscopic imaging techniques

S. K. Gayen, Mohammad Alrubaiee, Howard E. Savage, Stimson P. Schantz, R. R. Alfano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Near-infrared (NIR) time-resolved and spectroscopic transillumination imaging techniques are used to investigate normal tissues and Warthin's tumor of human parotid glands. The time-sliced imaging arrangement uses 120-fs, 1-kHz repetition-rate, 800-nm pulses from a Ti: sapphire laser and amplifier system for sample illumination and an ultrafast gated intensified camera system (UGICS) for recording two-dimensional (2-D) images using transmitted light. Images recorded with earlier temporal slices (approximately first 100 ps) of transmitted light highlight the tumor, while those recorded with later temporal slices (later than 200 ps) accentuate normal tissues. The spectroscopic imaging arrangement uses 1210-1300 nm tunable output of a Cr:forsterite laser for sample illumination, a Fourier space gate to discriminate against multiple-scattered light, and a NIR area camera to record 2-D images. The tumor region in the specimen appears brighter than the normal region in spectroscopic images recorded with light of different wavelengths. A wavelength-dependent variation in the ratio of light transmission through the tumor to that through the normal parotid gland is observed. Differences in scattering and wavelength-dependent absorption characteristics of normal parotid gland and Warthin's tumor provide a consistent explanation of these observed features. Histopathological analysis of the specimen sheds light on the probable origin of the differences in scattering and absorption characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-911
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Near-infrared imaging
  • Optical biomedical imaging
  • Parotid gland
  • Photon propagation in highly scattering media
  • Time-gated imaging
  • Transillumination imaging
  • Warthin's tumor


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