Palliative Care Across the Spectrum of Heart Failure

Laura P. Gelfman, Moritz Blum, Modele O. Ogunniyi, Colleen K. McIlvennan, Dio Kavalieratos, Larry A. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Persons with heart failure (HF) often suffer from poor symptom control, decreased quality of life, and poor communication with their health care providers. These needs are particularly acute in advanced HF, a leading cause of death in the United States. Palliative care, when offered alongside HF disease management, offers improved symptom control, quality of life, communication, and caregiver satisfaction as well as reduced caregiver anxiety. The dynamic nature of the clinical trajectory of HF presents distinct symptom patterns, changing functional status, and uncertainty, which requires an adaptive, dynamic model of palliative care delivery. Due to a limited specialty-trained palliative care workforce, patients and their caregivers often cannot access these benefits, especially in the community. To meet these needs, new models are required that are better informed by high-quality data, engage a range of health care providers in primary palliative care principles, and have clear triggers for specialty palliative care engagement, with specific palliative interventions tailored to patient's illness trajectory and changing needs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
StateAccepted/In press - 2024


  • heart failure
  • palliative care
  • quality of life


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