21 Scopus citations


Purpose: Older adults with dementia often rely on both paid caregivers (ie, home health aides, personal care attendants, other direct care workers) and family caregivers (ie, spouses, children, other unpaid individuals) to remain in the community. This study conceptualizes paid caregivers as part of the collaborative dementia care team and examines the association between receipt of paid care and primary family caregiver experience. Methods: Using data from 3 waves (2011, 2015, and 2017) of the National Health and Aging Trends Study linked to the National Study of Caregiving, community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥67 years with advanced dementia (n = 338 observations) were identified. Primary family caregiver experiences were compared among those with zero, part-time (<40 hours/week), and full-time (≥40 hours/week) paid care, and multivariable models were used to evaluate the associations between full-time paid care and family caregiver strain (eg, being overwhelmed due to caregiving) and activity restriction (eg, being unable to work for pay due to caregiving). Findings: About one half of the community-dwelling older adults with advanced dementia received paid care: 30% had part-time paid care and 18% had full-time paid care. The experiences of family caregivers of those receiving part-time and no paid care were not significantly different. After adjusting for family caregiver and care recipient characteristics, receipt of full-time paid care was associated with a nearly 70% reduced odds of having activity restrictions due to caregiving (odds ratio, 0.31; P = 0.01) and a reduction in mean caregiver strain score (–0.73; P = 0.04). There was no statistically significantly association between the odds of high caregiver strain (score ≥5) and receipt of paid care (odds ratio, 0.65; P = 0.33). Implications: The provision of paid care for individuals with dementia in the community may benefit family caregivers. Future work should acknowledge the important ways that paid caregivers contribute to outcomes for all members of the collaborative dementia care team.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-941
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Therapeutics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • caregiver stress
  • dementia
  • home and community-based care and services
  • home care
  • long-term care
  • workforce issues


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