p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) induces permanent growth arrest with markers of replicative senescence in human tumor cells lacking functional p53

Li Fang, Makoto Igarashi, Jennifer Leung, Mary M. Sugrue, Sam W. Lee, Stuart A. Aaronson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

168 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have shown previously that wild type p53 can rapidly induce replicative senescence in EJ human bladder carcinoma cells lacking functional p53. A major effector of p53 functions is p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1), a potent cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) has been shown to be involved in both p53 dependent and independent control of cell proliferation, differentiation and death. To directly investigate the effects of p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) in the p53 response observed in EJ tumor cells, we established p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) inducible lines using the tetracycline-regulatable vector system. p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) induction caused irreversible cell cycle arrest in both G1 and G2/M, and diminished Cdk2 kinase activity. In addition, p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) induction led to morphological alterations characteristic of cells undergoing replicative senescence with morphological, biochemical and ultrastructural markers of the senescent phenotype. Furthermore, sustained p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) induction sensitized EJ cells to apoptotic cell death induced by mitomycin C, a cross-linking DNA damaging agent. These findings support the function of p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) as an inducer of replicative senescence and a major mediator of this phenomenon in response to p53. Moreover, our results imply that therapeutic intervention in human cancers might be aimed at sustained elevation of p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2789-2797
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume18
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 May 1999

Keywords

  • EJ
  • Mitomycin C
  • Replicative senescence
  • Tetracycline-regulatable expression system
  • p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'p21(Waf1/Cip1/Sdi1) induces permanent growth arrest with markers of replicative senescence in human tumor cells lacking functional p53'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this