Oxygen Ion Implantation Improving Cell Adhesion on Titanium Surfaces through Increased Attraction of Fibronectin PHSRN Domain

Miusi Shi, Wenting Mo, Haoning Qi, Yueqi Ni, Rui Wang, Kailun Shen, Fanyu Zhang, Shuting Jiang, Xuehui Zhang, Lili Chen, Yufeng Zhang, Xuliang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanistic understanding of fibronectin (FN) adsorption which determines cell adhesion on cell–implant interfaces is significant for improving the osteoconduction and soft-tissue healing of implants. Here, it is shown that the adsorption behavior of FN on the titanium oxide surface (TiO2) is highly relative to its Pro-His-Ser-Arg-Asn (PHSRN) peptide. FN lacking PHSRN fails to bind to surfaces, resulting in inhibited cell adhesion and spreading. Molecular dynamics simulation shows higher affinity and greater adsorption energy of PHSRN peptide with TiO2 surface due to the stronger hydrogen bonds formed by the serine and arginine residues with O ion of the substrate. Finally, by increasing O content in TiO2 surfaces through O ion-beam implantation, improving the cell adhesion, cell differentiation, and the subsequent biomineralization on titanium implant is realized. This study reveals the vital role of PHSRN in FN-mediated cell adhesion on implant surfaces, providing a promising new target for further tissue integration and implant success.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101983
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cell adhesion
  • fibronectin
  • ion implantation
  • PHSRN
  • titanium

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