Oxygen deficient V2O3: A stable and efficient electrocatalyst for HER and high performance EDLCs

Shweta Chalotra, Rameez Ahmad Mir, Gurbinder Kaur, O. P. Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The demand of materials for energy conversion and storage is increasing to address the issues related to the depletion of fossil fuels. In the present study, oxygen deficient vanadium oxide (V2O3) has been synthesized in an autoclave at 500 °C for 4 h. The reaction temperature, time and atmosphere affect the pure phase formation of V2O3. The structural, morphological and surface characteristics of pure phase V2O3 has been analysed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The phase transition with respect to temperature has been confirmed by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activity has been studied in an acidic medium. The synthesized sample shows higher cyclic stability for 1000 cyclic voltammetry (CV) cycles. It also exhibits a lower Tafel slope of 81.2 mVdec−1. The electrochemical double layer capacitance (EDLC) measurements was done via CV measurements performed at various scan rates. The observed EDLC value of synthesized sample is 242.6 μFcm−2. The study predicts potential applications of V2O3 nano structures for electrochemical applications like HER and supercapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-714
Number of pages12
JournalCeramics International
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • And double layer capacitance
  • Electrocatalyst
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Oxygen deficient
  • Stability
  • Vanadium oxide

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