Overexpression the BnLACS9 could increase the chlorophyll and oil content in Brassica napus

Keming Zhu, Nannan Li, Xiangfeng Zheng, Rehman Sarwar, Yulong Li, Jun Cao, Zheng Wang, Xiaoli Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chlorophyll is a very important pigment involved in photosynthesis, while plant acyl-CoA biosynthesis is derived from plastid-localized fatty acids (FAs). Until now, the regulation of the acyl-CoA pathway for chlorophyll biosynthesis is still unknown. Results: Here, we identified a long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (LACS) gene BnLACS9 from Brassica napus. BnLACS9 complemented a LACS-deficient yeast strain YB525, which indicated that BnLACS9 has the LACS function. BnLACS9 was localized in the chloroplast envelope membrane, while mainly expressed in young leaves and flowers. Overexpression of BnLACS9 in Nicotiana benthamiana resulted in an increase in total CoA and MGDG content. In B. napus with overexpression of BnLACS9, the number of chloroplast grana lamellae and the chlorophyll content, as well as the MGDG and DGDG contents, increased compared to wild type. The net photosynthetic rate, dry weight of the entire plant and oil content of seeds increased significantly, accompanied by an increase in chlorophyll content. Transcriptome analysis revealed that overexpression of BnLACS9 improved the pathway of acyl-CoA biosynthesis and further improved the enzymes in the glycolipid synthesis pathway, while acyl-CoA was the substrate for glycolipid synthesis. The increased glycolipids, especially MGDG and DGDG, accelerated the formation of the chloroplast grana lamellae, which increased the number of chloroplast thylakoid grana lamella and further lead to increased chlorophyll content. Conclusions: In the present study, we demonstrated that BnLACS9 played a crucial role in glycolipids and chlorophyll biosynthesis in B. napus. The results also provide a new direction and theoretical basis for the improvement of the agronomic traits of plants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalBiotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BnLACS9
  • Chlorophyll
  • Chloroplast
  • Galactolipid
  • Glycolipid
  • Oil content

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