OUTpatient intravenous LASix Trial in reducing hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (OUTLAST)

Carine E. Hamo, Sahar S. Abdelmoneim, Seol Young Han, Elizabeth Chandy, Cornelia Muntean, Saadat A. Khan, Prasanthi Sunkesula, Marcella Meykler, Vidhya Ramachandran, Emelie Rosenberg, Igor Klem, Terrence J. Sacchi, John F. Heitner

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) remains a major source of morbidity and mortality. The current study aimed to investigate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of outpatient furosemide intravenous (IV) infusion following hospitalization for ADHF. Methods In a single center, prospective, randomized, double-blind study, 100 patients were randomized to receive standard of care (Group 1), IV placebo infusion (Group 2), or IV furosemide infusion (Group 3) over 3h, biweekly for a one-month period following ADHF hospitalization. Patients in Groups 2/3 also received a comprehensive HF-care protocol including bi-weekly clinic visits for dose-adjusted IV-diuretics, medication adjustment and education. Echocardiography, quality of life and depression questionnaires were performed at baseline and 30-day follow-up. The primary outcome was 30-day re-hospitalization for ADHF. Results Overall, a total of 94 patients were included in the study (mean age 64 years, 56% males, 69% African American). There were a total of 14 (15%) hospitalizations for ADHF at 30 days, 6 (17.1%) in Group 1, 7 (22.6%) in Group 2, and 1 (3.7%) in Group 3 (overall p = 0.11; p = 0.037 comparing Groups 2 and 3). Patients receiving IV furosemide infusion experienced significantly greater urine output and weight loss compared to those receiving placebo without any significant increase creatinine and no significant between group differences in echocardiography parameters, KCCQ or depression scores. Conclusion The use of a standardized protocol of outpatient IV furosemide infusion for a one-month period following hospitalization for ADHF was found to be safe and efficacious in reducing 30-day re-hospitalization.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0253014
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number6 June
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

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