Outcomes of Sutureless Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Surgery: A Retrospective Study

Nicholas E. Tan, Shannon X. Chen, Alexander H. Fang, Nathan M. Radcliffe

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1 Scopus citations


Introduction: This study compared the safety and efficacy of sutureless Ahmed glaucoma valve surgery (AGV standalone) to sutureless AGV plus cataract surgery (AGV-CEIOL) in Black or Hispanic patients. Methods: Records from Black or non-white Hispanic patients who received either AGV standalone or AGV-CEIOL from 2014 to 2019 at a Bronx, New York practice were reviewed. All surgeries were performed using a sutureless technique with Tisseel fibrin glue. Primary outcomes included failure (defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) > 21 mmHg, ≤ 5 mmHg, or reduced by < 20% after the first 3 months; loss of light perception; or reoperation for glaucoma), hypertensive phase, IOP changes, and medication changes. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complications and interventions. Results: A total of 203 eyes that received AGV standalone (n = 78) or AGV-CEIOL (n = 125) were analyzed. Mean follow-up duration was 42.2 ± 17.5 months, with similar cohort-specific intervals (P = 0.68). Failure among AGV-CEIOLs (44.8%, n = 56) and AGV standalones (47.4%, n = 37) occurred at similar frequencies; log-rank testing indicated comparable 5-year survival (P = 0.56). Mean IOP among AGV-CEIOLs (15.8 ± 12.1 mmHg) was greater than standalones (8.6 ± 5.1 mmHg) at post-op day 1 (P < 0.001). The AGV-CEIOL group had a 60% lower odds of experiencing a hypertensive phase after adjustment for baseline group differences (P = 0.01). Five-year IOP reduction was similar between groups in the multivariable model (P = 0.45). There were no significant differences in medications (P > 0.05 at all time points) or in total complications (P = 0.28). More standalones required reoperation (39.7%, n = 31) compared to AGV-CEIOLs (21.6%, n = 24; P = 0.007). Conclusions: Sutureless AGV-CEIOL was noninferior to sutureless AGV standalone when performed in Black or non-white Hispanic patients. The combined group experienced the hypertensive phase less frequently despite higher day 1 IOP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2083-2100
Number of pages18
JournalOphthalmology and Therapy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Ahmed glaucoma valve
  • Cataract surgery
  • Combined surgery
  • Glaucoma drainage device


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