Background: Cutaneous rosacea is a common inflammatory skin disorder that often presents with facial papulopustular lesions that are frequently bothersome to patients. Studies have shown oral sarecycline to be effective and safe for acne, with a low risk of side effects that are historically associated with other tetracycline-class drugs such as doxycycline and minocycline, in addition to offering a reduced risk of emergence of resistant bacteria due to its narrow-spectrum of antibiotic activity. Oral sarecycline is FDA-approved for the treatment of acne (2018). Objective: A pilot study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral sarecycline in papulopustular rosacea. Methods: A 12-week, prospective, parallel-group, investigator-blinded, controlled pilot study was completed evaluating once-daily sarecycline, using weight-based oral dosing as recommended for acne vs control (multivitamin tablet), for the treatment of moderate-to-severe papulopustular rosacea in adult subjects (n=102), aged ≥18 years. The primary efficacy endpoint was Investigator's Global score (IGA; clear or almost clear) and percent reduction in inflammatory lesion count at week 12. Safety and tolerability assessments were performed as well. Results: A total of 102 subjects were randomized; 97 completed the study. At week 12, IGA improvement was significantly greater for oral sarecycline when compared to the control (P<0.0001). Furthermore, absolute and percent reductions in inflammatory lesion counts were significantly greater in the sarecycline group for all weeks (4, 8, and 12) when compared to the control (P<0.001). Significant improvement in facial burning, erythema, and pruritus was reported in the sarecycline group, when compared to the control (P<0.05). No serious AEs were reported. Conclusion: Sarecycline was effective, safe, and well-tolerated for treating papulopustular rosacea in adults with marked superiority in efficacy compared to subjects in the control group. With its narrow-spectrum activity, oral sarecycline may be a good option for the treatment of papulopustular rosacea. Additional studies are warranted to confirm the positive results of this pilot study.