Optimizing the CAR T-Cell Therapy Experience in Multiple Myeloma: Clinical Pearls From an Expert Roundtable

Sikander Ailawadhi, Leyla Shune, Sandy W. Wong, Yi Lin, Krina Patel, Sundar Jagannath

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

Abstract

Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapies offer substantial advancement in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). However, the CAR-T therapy process involves complex decision-making that is informed by many variables. This review aims to provide an overview of the patient selection and administration process for CAR-T therapy for MM from the perspective of experienced healthcare providers (HCPs), including considerations for each step in the CAR-T therapy process. Referring HCPs should initiate conversations with HCPs at CAR-T capable centers earlier in the treatment journey, even before patients are eligible for CAR-T therapy, particularly for patients from underserved populations and patients with high-risk disease, to ensure adequate time for logistical planning and patient education. Patient selection for CAR-T therapy may be guided by factors such as performance status, rate of disease progression, and logistical considerations. Some anticancer therapies may affect T-cell fitness and therefore impact CAR-T manufacturing and patient outcomes; however, additional research is needed to confirm this in MM. Bridging therapies should be tailored to the needs of the patient and ideally halted 1 week or longer before CAR-T infusion, contingent upon the agent(s) used. Lymphodepletion regimens may need to be modified for patients with renal insufficiency. Collaboration with HCPs at both the treating and referring centers is important to optimize coordinated care of patients. Collaboration with and guidance from experienced HCPs throughout patient selection, referral, and CAR-T administration is instrumental in optimizing patient outcomes as access to CAR-T therapies expands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e217-e225
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • CAR-T
  • Cilta-cel
  • Ide-cel
  • Relapsed refractory multiple myeloma

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