Optimization of recombinant vaccinia-based ELISPOT assay

Mohamed Tarek Shata, Mei Mei Shan, Nancy Tricoche, Andrew Talal, Marion Perkus, Alfred Prince

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The ELISPOT assay has been considered as one of the most sensitive assays to measure antigen-specific CD8 T cells in vitro. Recently, recombinant vaccinia was successfully used to express internally processed target antigens in host cells in direct ex-vivo ELISPOT assays. However, the background in these assays was relatively elevated, and the risk of killing effector T cells was high. Therefore, we examined in this study an alternative approach where the replication of recombinant vaccinia virus was inhibited by the usage of Cidofovir in vitro. Our data indicate that recombinant vaccinia-infected target cells treated with Cidofovir retained their functional activity and present internally processed antigens more efficiently to T cells than non-treated ones. We also identify the optimum doses of Cidofovir to be in the range of 0.75-0.075 μg/ml. Thus, Cidofovir treatment of the target cells prior to antigen stimulation could be a useful methodology to increase the sensitivity of the ELISPOT assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-289
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cidofovir
  • Recombinant vaccinia


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