Opposing roles for striatonigral and striatopallidal neurons in dorsolateral striatum in consolidating new instrumental actions

Alexander C.W. Smith, Sietse Jonkman, Alexandra G. Difeliceantonio, Richard M. O’Connor, Soham Ghoshal, Michael F. Romano, Barry J. Everitt, Paul J. Kenny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Comparatively little is known about how new instrumental actions are encoded in the brain. Using whole-brain c-Fos mapping, we show that neural activity is increased in the anterior dorsolateral striatum (aDLS) of mice that successfully learn a new lever-press response to earn food rewards. Post-learning chemogenetic inhibition of aDLS disrupts consolidation of the new instrumental response. Similarly, post-learning infusion of the protein synthesis inhibitor anisomycin into the aDLS disrupts consolidation of the new response. Activity of D1 receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) increases and D2-MSNs activity decreases in the aDLS during consolidation. Chemogenetic inhibition of D1-MSNs in aDLS disrupts the consolidation process whereas D2-MSN inhibition strengthens consolidation but blocks the expression of previously learned habit-like responses. These findings suggest that D1-MSNs in the aDLS encode new instrumental actions whereas D2-MSNs oppose this new learning and instead promote expression of habitual actions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5121
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

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