Official position of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology on test security

Kyle Brauer Boone, Jerry J. Sweet, Desiree A. Byrd, Robert L. Denney, Robin A. Hanks, Paul M. Kaufmann, Michael W. Kirkwood, Glenn J. Larrabee, Bernice A. Marcopulos, Joel E. Morgan, June Yu Paltzer, Monica Rivera Mindt, Ryan W. Schroeder, Anita H. Sim, Julie A. Suhr

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To provide education regarding the critical importance of test security for neuropsychological and psychological tests, and to establish recommendations for best practices for maintaining test security in forensic, clinical, teaching, and research settings. Previous test security guidelines were not adequately specified. Method: Neuropsychologists practicing in a broad range of settings collaborated to develop detailed and specific guidance regarding test security to best ensure continued viability of neuropsychological and psychological tests. Implications of failing to maintain test security for both the practice of neuropsychology and for society at large were identified. Types of test data that can be safely disclosed to nonpsychologists are described. Results: Specific procedures can be followed that will minimize risk of invalidating future use of neuropsychological and psychological measures. Conclusion: Clinical neuropsychologists must commit to protecting sensitive neuropsychological and psychological test information from exposure to nonpsychologists, and now have specific recommendations that will guide that endeavor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-545
Number of pages23
JournalClinical Neuropsychologist
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Test security
  • forensic practice
  • litigation
  • neuropsychological tests
  • psychological tests


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