Ofatumumab plus HyperCVAD/HD-MA induction leads to high rates of minimal residual disease negativity in patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma: Results of a phase 2 study

Pallawi Torka, Othman S. Akhtar, Nishitha M. Reddy, Bora E. Baysal, Angela Kader, Adrienne Groman, Jenna Nichols, Cory Mavis, Joseph D. Tario, Anne Marie W. Block, Sheila N.J. Sait, Paola Ghione, Suchitra Sundaram, Eugene R. Przespolewski, Alice Mohr, Ian Lund, Jessica Kostrewa, Kenneth McWhite, Joseph DeMarco, Michael JohnsonAndrea Darrall, Rosh Neke Thomas-Talley, Paul K. Wallace, Vishala Neppalli, Alan Hutson, Francisco J. Hernandez-Ilizaliturri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Ofatumumab is a humanized type 1 anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody. Preclinical studies show improved complement-mediated cytotoxicity (CMC) compared to rituximab in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of combining ofatumumab with HyperCVAD/MA (O-HyperCVAD) in newly diagnosed MCL. Methods: In this single-arm phase 2 study, 37 patients were treated with the combination of O-HyperCVAD for 4 or 6 cycles, followed by high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant. Primary objectives were overall response rate (ORR) and complete response (CR) rate at the end of therapy. Secondary objectives included minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Results: Median age was 60 years; ORR was 86% and 73% achieved a CR by modified Cheson criteria. The MRD negativity rate was 78% after 2 cycles of therapy, increasing to 96% at the end of induction; median PFS and OS were 45.5 months and 56 months, respectively. Achieving a post-induction CR by both imaging and flow cytometry was associated with improved PFS and OS. Early MRD negativity (post-2 cycles) was also associated with an improved PFS but not OS. There were 3 deaths while on therapy, and grades 3 and 4 adverse events (AEs) were observed in 22% and 68% of the patients. Conclusion: The addition of ofatumumab to HyperCVAD/HD-MA led to high rates of MRD negativity by flow cytometry in patients with newly diagnosed MCL. Achieving a CR post-induction by both imaging and flow cytometry is associated with improved overall survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1595-1604
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume128
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • CD20
  • MIPI score
  • monoclonal antibody
  • p53
  • survival outcomes

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